The strategy accompanies the National Data Strategy and the Plan for Digital Regulation. The government is also planning a Digital Strategy and a Cyber Strategy
The UK government has launched a ten year national strategy for AI. It says that AI has “huge potential to rewrite the rules of entire industries, drive substantial economic growth and transform all areas of life”. It aims for the UK to be a research and innovation powerhouse, a hive of global talent and a progressive regulatory and business environment.
The government has based the strategy on three assumptions about the coming decade:
Data and intellectual property issues
The government has considered the particular issues of data and intellectual property in the strategy, It points out that the AI Council and the Ada Lovelace Institute recently explored three legal mechanisms that could help facilitate responsible data stewardship: data trusts, data cooperatives and corporate and contractual mechanisms. The Data: A new direction consultation asks what role the government should have in enabling and engendering confidence in responsible data intermediary activity. The government is also exploring how privacy-enhancing technologies could remove barriers to data sharing by more effectively managing the risks associated with sharing commercially sensitive and personal data. It is also looking to support action to mitigate the effects of quality issues and underrepresentation in AI systems. Subject to the outcomes of the data consultation, the government will more explicitly permit the collection and processing of sensitive and protected characteristics data to monitor and mitigate bias in AI systems.
The government also recognises that AI researchers and developers need the right support to commercialise their IP, and to help them to understand and identify their intellectual assets, providing them with the skills to protect, exploit and enforce their rights to improve their chances of survival and growth. It plans a consultation on copyright areas of computer-generated works and text and data mining, and on patents for AI-devised inventions, which will be launched before the end of 2021.
Governance framework for AI
The government wants to establish an AI governance framework that addresses the unique challenges and opportunities of AI, while being flexible, proportionate and without creating unnecessary burdens. It will concentrate on a sector-focused approach. The key aspects are: